Biological Name: Psidium guajava
Names in other languages: Guayaba (Spanish), Goyave (French), Amrud (Hindi), Koyya pazham (Tamil), Nattu peraka (Malayalam), Jami pandu (Telugu), Jam phal (Gujarati), Payra (Bengali), Peru (Marathi), Pijuli (Oriya), Amrud (Punjabi & Urdu)
Guavas are native to Mexico, Central America and the north of South America. Historians indicate that these fruits were originally cultivated in tropical America, possibly Brazil, but were improved in the West Indies. At the start of the 16th century, the Portuguese introduced guavas all around the Pacific, until it reached the Philippines. A few years later, the Spanish brought this delicious fruit to India. Early Spanish travellers, in the 1500s, discovered the Strawberry Guava as a tree native to America. Records prove that Seminole Indians grew this fruit widely in Northern Florida around 1816. Gradually, it became popular and spread to other parts of the world. Since 1950, guavas have become a major subject of research in order to decipher the chemical identity of its constituents, pharmacological properties and its history in folk medicine. The fruit is now commercially cultivated in Southeast Asia, Hawaii, the Caribbean, Florida and Africa.
Health Benefits of Guavas
- Sweet guavas are excellent in treating dysentery and diarrhea. They have an abundance of astringents, which help in binding the bowels together.
- Hunger pangs lead to overeating which in turn results in constipation. Thus, consumption of guavas during this time promotes good digestion owing to its laxative content.
- Juices or decoction of guava leaves is helpful if you are suffering from the flu. Guavas contain Vitamin C and iron that are extremely beneficial in treating cold and viral infections.
- The delicious guava also renders a healthy and glowing complexion. They enhance the texture of the skin and prevent it from acquiring skin problems such as wrinkles and acne.
- Cholesterol and blood pressure levels are a common problem among most people around the world. Guavas help in minimizing blood thickening because of its richness in fiber and hypoglycemic nature.
- Ever thought of reducing weight in a healthy way? The guava is your answer as it induces roughage. Besides, this is a complete no-cholesterol and low-carbohydrate fruit.
- Guavas are wholesome Vitamin C foods that help in combating symptoms of scurvy.
- This fruit is beneficial for diabetics as it contains a low amount of natural sugar. Guavas are thus important in controlling and lowering blood glucose levels.
- Guavas contain the cancer-fighting antioxidant, lycopene, which offers protection from this deadly disease.
- The juice of guava contains astringents that help in alleviating toothaches, swollen gums and ulcers in the mouth.
Total Weight: 244 g
|Calories From Carbohydrate||139|
|Calories From Fat||16|
|Calories From Protein||13|
|Total Carbohydrates||39 g|
|Dietary Fiber||13 g|
|Fats & Fatty Acids|
|Total Fat||1.9 g|
|Saturated Fat||542 mg|
|Monounsaturated Fat||173 mg|
|Polyunsaturated Fat||798 mg|
|Omega-3 Fatty Acids||223 mg|
|Omega-6 Fatty Acids||573 mg|
|Vitamin A||871 IU|
|Vitamin C||324 mg|
|Vitamin E||1.8 mg|
|Vitamin K||6.3 mcg|
|Vitamin B6||268 mcg|
|Pantothenic Acid||1.1 mg|
Guavas have about 68 calories per 100 gm of weight.
- While buying guavas, you have to check if the exterior of the fruit is moderately ripe. Look for yellow, white or reddish ones.
- Rounded or oval shaped guavas prove that there are no abnormalities in the fruit itself.
- There must not be any bruises on the rind of the guavas since this indicates signs of over-ripeness.
- The last criterion is that the fruit should not be soft and delicate. It must be firm and hard to press.
- Once you have bought guavas, store them at room temperature and away from direct sunlight.
- Guavas can be stored for up to four days, if placed in an airtight plastic bag or storage container.
- If you desire to keep them for longer, freeze the guavas once in four days. For this purpose, cut the fruit into small pieces and blend them well to make a puree. Transfer this to a freezer-safe container. In this way, guavas can be stored for almost 10-12 months.